Riesgos microbianos

Ecolab se compromete a proporcionarle las últimas noticias y recursos de salud pública. Tanto si necesita información detallada sobre un organismo concreto de su interés, asesoramiento sobre productos de limpieza o consejos para aumentar la seguridad alimentaria y prevenir infecciones en sus instalaciones, somos su fuente de confianza.

Los microorganismos tienen varias formas y tamaños, desde partículas víricas muy pequeñas a hongos y mohos más grandes. Muchos de ellos pueden ser beneficiosos, pero algunos pueden pudrir los alimentos, corromper los sistemas de agua y contaminar equipos, lo que puede dar lugar a ineficiencias.

Los patógenos suponen un riesgo microbiano más grave, ya que son microorganismos peligrosos con el potencial de causar enfermedades en humanos y/o animales, lo que da lugar a problemas de seguridad alimentaria y de salud pública. Es necesario realizar controles de prevención válidos para gestionar posibles problemas de patógenos. Ecolab le ofrece información técnica completa sobre un amplio abanico de patógenos con el fin de informarle sobre los riesgos que conllevan, sus rutas de transmisión y de qué manera se pueden controlar.

Hoja de datos sobre patógenos

 

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease that can impact domestic and wild pigs. In 2019, an increase in ASF outbreaks was reported in several African, Asian and European countries.   The ASF virus is a large, enveloped, DNA virus.  The genus is Asfivirus, a member of the Asfarviridae family.    

Gripe aviar
Gripe aviar

Avian Influenza is often referred to as Bird Flu. It includes a large group of viruses that can infect all species of birds with varying manifestations dependent on the bird species involved.

B. Cereus
Bacillus Cereus

Bacillus cereus is a spore-forming bacterium that can be frequently isolated from soil and some food.1 B. cereus spores are more resistant to heat and chemical treatments than vegetative pathogens such as Salmonella, E. coli, Campylobacter, and Listeria monocytogenes.

EEB (enfermedad de las vacas locas)
EEB (Enfermedad de las vacas locas)

La Encefalopatía Espongiforme Bovina (EEB) o enfermedad de las vacas locas es una "encefalopatía infecciosa, neurodegenerativa y mortal del ganado". Diagnosticada por primera vez en Reino Unido en 1986, las investigaciones sugieren que el cerebro y médula espinal de las vacas infectadas por el agente de la EEB (llamado prión) podían haberse utilizado como ingredientes del pienso para el ganado.

Campylobacter
CAMPYLOBACTER

Campylobacteriosis is caused by Campylobacter jejuni, one of the most common bacterial causes of acute bacterial diarrheal illness worldwide. Cases of campylobacteriosis are generally isolated, random events, but outbreaks affecting several people can also occur.

Candida auris (C. auris)
C. Auris

Candida auris (C. auris) is an emerging multidrug-resistant yeast (a type of fungus). It has caused severe infections in hospitalized patients and nursing home residents. C. auris can persist on surfaces and spreads easily between patients in healthcare facilities.

c_botulinum_credit
C. BOTULINUM

Clostridium botulinum (C. botulinum) is a spore-forming bacterium that produces a very powerful neurotoxin that causes botulism. The toxin is among the most toxic of all naturally occurring substances. Botulism is usually associated with consumption of the toxin in food.

Clostridium Difficile (C. Difficile)
CLOSTRIDIUM DIFFICILE

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a bacterium that causes diarrhea and more serious intestinal conditions such as colitis. It is the most frequently identified cause of hospital-acquired diarrheal infection.

Clostridium perfringens
Clostridium Perfringens

Clostridium perfringens es una bacteria esporulada ampliamente distribuida en la naturaleza y en el tracto intestinal de animales y humanos. Las esporas normalmente contaminan los alimentos. C. perfringens causa una intoxicación alimentaria relativamente leve tras la ingestión.

Partículas virales del Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) 
Coronavirus
Los coronavirus son virus de ARN con envoltura viral que pueden infectar tanto a animales como a humanos. Hasta la fecha, existen seis tipos de coronavirus conocidos en humanos. Cuatro de estos coronavirus son menos patógenos y suelen causar únicamente síntomas respiratorios leves, como el resfriado común. Otros dos coronavirus, el síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SRAS CoV) y el coronavirus causante del síndrome respiratorio de Oriente Medio (MERS-CoV), pueden causar enfermedades respiratorias graves.
CHIKUNGUNYA

Chikungunya and Dengue are mosquito-borne virus infections commonly transmitted by the female mosquitoes of two particular species: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue is found predominantly in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia and Latin America, with chikungunya occurring across Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Indian subcontinent.

Cronobacter Sakazakii
CRONOBACTER SAKAZAKII

Cronobacter sakazakii is a bacterium within the family Enterobacteriaceae. The organism was called "yellow-pigmented Enterobacter cloacae" until 1980, when it was renamed Enterobacter sakazakii. Recently, E. sakazakii has been re-classified as 6 species within the genus Cronobacter.

Cryptosporiduim
CRYPTOSPORIDIUM

Cryptosporidium is recognized as one of the most common causes of waterborne disease among humans in the United States. The parasite may be found in every region of the United States and throughout the world.

Cyclospora
CYCLOSPORA

Cyclospora is a parasite that infects the small intestine, causing cyclosporiasis. Cyclosporiasis became a nationally notifiable disease in the United States in 1999, and was reported in 37 states in 2008.

Dengue

Dengue and chikungunya are mosquito-borne virus infections commonly transmitted by the female mosquitoes of two particular species: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Dengue is found predominantly in tropical and sub-tropical areas of Asia and Latin America, with chikungunya occurring across Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Indian subcontinent.

EbolaVirus
Ébola

The Ebola virus causes Ebola Virus Disease, previously called Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. The disease is severe and often fatal in humans and other primates. Fatality rates can be as high as 90 percent. In the 2014 West Africa outbreak, more than one of every two people infected have died.

Escherichia Coli (E. Coli) 0157:H7 and other STECs
E. Coli

E. coli O157:H7 is a member of the enterohemorrhagic E. coli group. These Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) are responsible for the majority of very serious, food-related E. coli infections that cause severe damage to the lining of the intestine.

Foot-And-Mouth

The foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) crisis of 2001 in the United Kingdom received a great deal of media attention and resulted in confusion regarding the differences between foot-and-mouth disease and Mad Cow disease, which is also of animal origin. As a result of the FMD outbreak, over 6 million animals were slaughtered.

Giardia
Giardia

Giardia duodenalis (or Giardia lamblia or Giardia intestinalis) is a single celled animal, i.e., a protozoan, that moves with the aid of several flagella. It is sometimes referred to as Lamblia intestinalis. It is the causative agent of giardiasis, an infection of the small intestine and the most frequent cause of nonbacterial diarrhea in North America.

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A

There are several Hepatitis viruses (Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E) that cause human liver disease. Of the five virus types, only Hepatitis A can be transmitted by food through the fecal-oral route and is considered a major foodborne disease agent. Hepatitis E virus can be waterborne, and researchers have suggested that it could also be foodborne.

Pandemic Flu
H1N1 Pandemic Flu

H1N1 Pandemic Flu is a respiratory disease caused by an influenza A virus. It primarily impacts pigs, which can also become infected by avian (bird) and human strains of influenza. If pigs are infected with multiple strains, the strains may combine to create a strain that is more easily transmitted among humans.

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La gripe

La influenza, normalmente conocida como "gripe" o "gripe estacional", es un virus que provoca una infección respiratoria común con fiebre y que a menudo causa complicaciones respiratorias que se contagian con facilidad de humano a humano. La mayoría de las personas tienen cierto grado de inmunidad ante la gripe estacional común y generalmente se dispone de una vacuna todos los años.

Legionnaires' Disease (Legionella Pneumophila)
LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE

Legionella pneumophila is a bacterium that can cause a disease known as legionellosis or Legionnaires' disease (LD). LD was first recognized in the late 1970's following an outbreak of pneumonia (lung infection) in people attending an American Legion conference in Philadelphia, PA.

Listeria
Listeria

Listeria monocytogenes, commonly referred to as Listeria, is a pathogen that causes listeriosis, a serious human illness. It is unlike most other foodborne pathogens because it can grow at proper refrigeration temperatures.

Malaria

Malaria is a disease, transmitted to humans through the bite of Anopheles mosquitoes, which causes infection of the liver and red blood cells by any one of four protozoan parasites from the genus Plasmodium. It is arguably one of the three most persistent, prevalent and devastating diseases to afflict humans (along with tuberculosis and AIDS) and is considered to be a risk for almost half of the world's population.

Sarampión

El sarampión es una enfermedad infecciosa causada por un virus. Es una enfermedad respiratoria altamente contagiosa que se propaga por el aire a través de gotas muy pequeñas como consecuencia de la tos y estornudos. El sarampión lo causa un virus ARN monocatenario negativo.

MERS
(Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus (CoV). Public health officials often refer to the virus as MERS-CoV. It was first reported in Saudi Arabia in September 2012.

Mumps

Mumps is a contagious viral disease that affects the salivary glands. Typically, it is a mild childhood disease affecting children between the ages of five and nine. In cases where adults are affected, complications tend to be more serious.

noroviruscdc
Norovirus

El norovirus es ampliamente conocido por causar brotes de enfermedades en a gran número de personas en cruceros. Desde que se detectó el virus original en 1968, se ha identificado cada vez más el norovirus como un agente de gastroenteritis vírica cuyo origen se atribuye a restaurantes y servicios de comidas, residencias de ancianos, colegios y campamentos.

H1N1 Pandemic Flu
Pandemic Flu

Pandemic influenza is a virulent strain of human flu that causes a global outbreak of serious illness, resulting from the emergence of a new virus strain to which the overall population possesses no immunity. Because of the lack of natural immunity, the disease can spread easily from person to person.

Pertussis
Pertussis
(Whooping Cough)

Pertussis, also commonly called whooping cough, is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis infections occur when Bordetella pertussis bacteria attach to cilia, small hair like structures on the surfaces of some cells, in the upper respiratory tract.

Salmonela
Salmonela

La salmonela es un grupo de bacterias que provoca enfermedades diarreicas en personas. Constituye una gran carga en la sanidad pública y representa un significante coste para la sociedad en muchos países. Una especie, la salmonella enterica, tiene más de 2.000 serovariedades. La salmonella enterica de serotipo Typhimurium y de serotipo Enteritidis son las más habituales a escala mundial.

SARS
SARS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus. It was first reported in Asia in February 2003, likely originating in China. Over the next few months, the illness spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia before the SARS global outbreak of 2003 was contained.

Shigella
Shigella

Shigella are a group of bacteria that can cause shigellosis - a diarrheal illness in humans. The two types of Shigella most commonly associated with human illness in the developed world are Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri. In developing parts of the world, Shigella dysenteriae causes deadly epidemics of dysentery.

Staph. Aureus Foodborne
STAPH. AUREUS FOODBORNE

Staphylococcus aureus is a common cause of foodborne illness that is not covered in some epidemiologic surveillance programs. Some strains of Staphylococcus aureus cause staphylococcal food poisoning through production of heat-stable staphylococcal toxins.

Staph. Aureus MRSA
STAPH. AUREUS MRSA

MRSA stands for Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. It is a bacterium that has developed a resistance to most antibiotics such as Methicillin, commonly used for Staphylococcus infections. This results in infections that are more difficult to treat than ordinary Staph infections.

Tubercolosis
TUBERCULOSIS

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and some other Mycobacterium species. This bacterium mostly infects the lung, leading to classical TB. Other internal organs, the central nervous system and the musculoskeletal system can also be infected.

Vibrio
Vibrio

Vibrio species account for a significant number of foodborne infections from the consumption of raw or undercooked shellfish. They require salt to grow, and are thus associated with ocean-sourced seafood.

West Nile Virus

West Nile Virus (WNV) is an enveloped virus, belonging to the family Flaviviridae (origin: yellow fever virus), that can cause a flu-like symptoms and in rare circumstances, a neurological illness which could lead to death.

ZikaVirus2
Zika Virus

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted primarily by the bite of the mosquito, Aedes aegypti. This species of mosquito also can transmit the viruses that cause dengue and chikungunya.